Professor Sikainga's area of expertise is African social and economic history, with a focus on slavery, labor, and urban history. The geographical focus of his research is the Sudan, the Nile Valley, and North Africa. Africa. His publications include: Sudan Defence Force: Origin and Role, 1925-1955 (1983), Western Bahr al-Ghazal Under British Rule, 1898-1956 (1991), Slaves into Workers: Emancipation and Labor in Colonial Sudan (1996), City of Steel and Fire: A Social History of Atbara, Sudan's Railway Town, 1906-1984 (2002). In additiion to his numerous articles and book chapters, Professor Sikainga co-edited Civil War in the Sudan, 1983-1989 (1993)and Postconflict Reconstruction in Africa (2006). Professor Sikainga was a Mellon Fellow at Harvard University, a Fulbright Scholar in Morocco, and William Luce Fellow at Durham University in U.K. His current research examines the role of slavery, ethnicity, and identity in the development of popular culture in contemporary Sudan. He is also working on a research project that deals with the Islamic legal system and slavery in Morocco in the 19th century.
Professor Sikainga teaches courses on the history of Southern Africa, North Africa, Islam in Africa, Social Change in Contemporary Africa, and the African Diaspora.